This is a direct observation method for associating events and times of day with the target behavior.
The outcome may be the identification of antecedents or setting events that precede the target behavior.
A relative weakness of this method is that it does not identify related consequences.
A benefit of this method is the identification of time periods when there is a high probability of the target behavior occurring.
When these time periods are known, direct observations may be planned with ABC records or checklists.